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Scand J Public Health. 2002;30(3):191-9.

An explorative, population-based study of female disability pensioners: the role of childhood conditions and alcohol abuse/dependence.

Author information

1
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden. marianne.upmark@smd.sll.se

Abstract

AIMS:

This study investigates the association in women between conditions during childhood and adolescence and alcohol dependence or abuse in adulthood on the one hand, and disability pensions and long-term sickness absence on the other.

METHODS:

A stratified population-based sample of women in Göteborg was interviewed. For analyses in this study the following variables were selected from the interview protocol: childhood and adolescence, education, employment, social class, self-rated physical health and alcohol dependence or abuse (ADA), with diagnoses assessed according to DSM-III-R. Information on disability pension and sickness absence was obtained from the local Social Insurance Office.

RESULTS:

Unfavourable conditions during childhood and adolescence and school difficulties as well as early deviant behaviours predicted disability pension and long-term sickness absence in adulthood. For most risk factors ADA could explain only a minor part of the odds ratios found in crude and age-adjusted analyses.

CONCLUSION:

It is concluded that conditions early in life are predictors in women of disability pension and long-term incapacity to work. There are similarities in the pattern of early risk factors for later alcohol dependence or abuse and for disability pension/long-term sickness absence.

PMID:
12227975
DOI:
10.1080/14034940210133861
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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