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Plant Physiol. 1996 Nov;112(3):1245-1251.

Effect of High Temperature on Photosynthesis in Beans (I. Oxygen Evolution and Chlorophyll Fluorescence).

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Robert Hill Institute, Department of Molecular Biology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom.


We studied the effect of increasing temperature on photosynthesis in two bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties known to differ in their resistance to extreme high temperatures, Blue Lake (BL), commercially available in the United Kingdom, and Barbucho (BA), noncommercially bred in Chile. We paid particular attention to the energy-transducing mechanisms and structural responses inferred from fluorescence kinetics. The study was conducted in non-photorespiratory conditions. Increases in temperature resulted in changes in the fluorescence parameters nonphotochemical quenching (qN) and photochemical quenching (qP) in both varieties, but to a different extent. In BL and BA the increase in qP and the decrease in qN were either completed at 30[deg]C or slightly changed following increases from 30 to 35[deg]C. No indication of photoinhibition was detected at any temperature, and the ratio of the quantum efficiencies of photosystem II (PSII) and O2 evolution remained constant from 20 to 35[deg]C. Measurements of 77-K fluorescence showed an increase in the photosystem I (PSI)/PSII ratio with temperature, suggesting an increase in the state transitions. In addition, measurements of fast-induction fluorescence revealed that the proportion of PSII[beta] centers increased with increasing temperatures. The extent of both changes were maximum at 30 to 35[deg]C, coinciding with the ratio of rates at temperatures differing by 10[deg]C for oxygen evolution.

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