Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 1996 Feb;110(2):355-363.

Fructan Accumulation and Sucrose Metabolism in Transgenic Maize Endosperm Expressing a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SacB Gene.

Author information

Agricultural Products, E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington, Delaware 19880-0402.


Over 40,000 species of plants accumulate fructan, [beta]-2-1- and [beta]-2-6-linked polymers of fructose as a storage reserve. Due to their high fructose content, several commercial applications for fructans have been proposed. However, plants that accumulate these polymers are not agronomically suited for large-scale cultivation or processing. This study describes the transformation of a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SacB gene into maize (Zea mays L.) callus by particle bombardment. Tissue-specific expression and targeting of the SacB protein to endosperm vacuoles resulted in stable accumulation of high-molecular-weight fructan in mature seeds. Accumulation of fructan in the vacuole had no detectable effect on kernel development or germination. Fructan levels were found to be approximately 9-fold higher in sh2 mutants compared to wild-type maize kernels. In contrast to vacuole-targeted expression, starch synthesis and endosperm development in mature seeds containing a cytosolically expressed SacB gene were severely affected. The data demonstrate that hexose resulting from cytosolic SacB activity was not utilized for starch synthesis. Transgenic seeds containing a chimeric SacB gene provide further evidence that the dominant pathway for starch synthesis in maize endosperm is through uridine diphosphoglucose catalyzed by the enzyme sucrose synthase.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center