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J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002 Sep-Oct;9(5):437-47.

Simulated medical learning environments on the Internet.

Author information

1
SUMMIT, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305-5466, USA. Parvati.Dev@stanford.edu

Abstract

Learning anatomy and surgical procedures requires both a conceptual understanding of three-dimensional anatomy and a hands-on manipulation of tools and tissue. Such virtual resources are not available widely, are expensive, and may be culturally disallowed. Simulation technology, using high-performance computers and graphics, permits realistic real-time display of anatomy. Haptics technology supports the ability to probe and feel this virtual anatomy through the use of virtual tools. The Internet permits world-wide access to resources. We have brought together high-performance servers and high-bandwidth communication using the Next Generation Internet and complex bimanual haptics to simulate a tool-based learning environment for wide use. This article presents the technologic basis of this environment and some evaluation of its use in the gross anatomy course at Stanford University.

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PMID:
12223496
PMCID:
PMC346631
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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