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Phytomedicine. 2002 Jul;9(5):390-7.

Immunological studies of Revitonil, a phytopharmaceutical containing Echinacea purpurea and Glycyrrhiza glabra root extract.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, Center of Pharma Research, Institut of Pharmaceutical Biology, University of Munich, Germany. H.Wagner@cup.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

A phytopharmaceutical containing an extract of Echinacea purpurea and Glycyrrhiza glabra root (Revitonil tablets) was investigated for its suggested immunostimulating potential, using several in vitro tests and the in vivo carbon-clearance model in mice. In the in vitro phagocytosis test with human granulocytes, Revitonil showed a 44-53% stimulating effect at a concentration of 100 microg/ml. Whereas in the chemoluminescence test at a concentration of 1.25 microg/ml, Revitonil tablets exhibited a moderate enhancing effect only, a remarkable stimulating activity (30-50%) was observed in the T-lymphocyte CD69 bioassay at a concentration of 100 microg-1 microg/ml. The highest immunological efficacy could be assigned to Revitonil as revealed by the in vivo carbon-clearance model in mice. With RCt/RCc-values of 2.0, Revitonil exhibited a very high carbon elimination rate at oral administration. Because the Echinacea and Glycyrrhiza monoextracts alone showed lower RCt/RCc-values (1.3-1.7) than Revitonil, a potentiating synergistic effect of the extract mixture in Revitonil can be postulated.

PMID:
12222657
DOI:
10.1078/09447110260571616
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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