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Res Nurs Health. 2002 Oct;25(5):331-44.

Psychometric characteristics of dyspnea descriptor ratings in emergency department patients with exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Author information

1
University of New Mexico College of Nursing, 2502 Marble Avenue NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131-5688, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability, content validity, and factor structure of dyspnea sensory quality descriptor ratings in emergency department (ED) patients with exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). During an ED visit 104 patients with COPD rated the intensity of 16 dyspnea sensory quality descriptors (numerical ratings of 0-10) in relation to how they felt when they decided to come to the ED (Decision) and 1 week before the visit. Content validity of 15 descriptors was supported. Factor analysis of Decision ratings resulted in seven descriptors and three factors (alpha=.88; 74% common variance): Smothering/Suffocating/Hunger for air (alpha=.87); Effort/Work (alpha=.87); and Tight/Constricted (alpha=.74). Results indicate that the intensity of sensory quality descriptors can be measured reliably in COPD patients during an exacerbation of COPD. The initial descriptor list of descriptors could be cut by more than half while retaining satisfactory psychometric properties.

PMID:
12221688
DOI:
10.1002/nur.10051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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