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Am J Clin Pathol. 2002 Sep;118(3):346-53.

Determination of cytokine responses using a multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay.

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Associated Regional and University Pathologists, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.


We used a multiplexedfluorescent microsphere immunoassay to develop a sandwich capture assay to assess simultaneously the production of thymus helper (TH) 1- and TH2-type cytokines in tissue culture supernatant obtained from stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The assay then was used to assess the cytokine production of patients with hyperimmunoglobulinemia E syndrome and in cord blood from neonates. The multiplexed assay has a reportable range of less than 10 to 50,000 pg/mL. For linearity and recovery studies, R2 values for the 6 cytokines ranged from 0.988 to 0.999 for samples spiked with known concentrations of recombinant cytokine standards and for patient samples. The assay showed good specificity, with little cross-reactivity between cytokines. Results from supernatants of Staphylococcus aureus-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtainedfrom 6 patients with hyperimmunoglobulinemia E syndrome showed significantly less interferon (IFN)-gamma production than cells from healthy control subjects. Cord blood cells from neonates produced significantly less interleukin 12 and IFN-gamma than cells from adults in group B streptococci-stimulated mononuclear cells. The fluorescent multiplexed microsphere immunoassay can be used to quantitate multiple cytokines from 1 sample and should be useful for further understanding of the cytokine role in disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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