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J Gerontol Nurs. 2002 Aug;28(8):13-21.

The quality of nursing home care in Taiwan.

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Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Nursing, Room 18, 12F, 123, Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Sung Hsiang, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan.


This study describes the quality of care in nursing homes in Taiwan using demographic data, functional status measures, resident clinical care outcomes, and resident's ratings of satisfaction with nursing home care. Three hundred and eight randomly selected elderly residents in 13 nursing homes were interviewed through a structured interview process and demographic and medical information was collected from their nursing home records. Nursing home residents were younger and less functional than their counterparts in the United States. Stroke and dementia were the most common primary diagnoses and more than 27% of the residents had a history of urinary tract infections while more than 25% had been physically restrained within the past 3 months. There was no correlation between the number of nursing home staff per resident and the prevalence of selected clinical care outcomes. A moderate level of satisfaction with nursing home care was reported with acceptance of family visits and nursing home cleanliness rating highest, and loss of personal belongings and life as boring rating lowest. Level of satisfaction with nursing home care was positively correlated with the number of RNs and nursing assistants (NAs) on staff. Recommendations for improving the quality of nursing home care in Taiwan include increased recruitment of multidisciplinary professional and technical nursing home staff; restrictions in the use of restraints with development of alternatives; and use of standardized resident assessment, care planning, and evaluation tools. The authors recommend continuing education in geriatric nursing and continued nursing research focusing on identifying structure and process variables that affect clinical care outcomes and satisfaction with nursing home care.

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