Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Surgery. 2002 Aug;132(2):377-83.

A serum factor after intestinal resection stimulates epidermal growth factor receptor signaling and proliferation in intestinal epithelial cells.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pediatric Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio 45229, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In vivo, intestinal adaptation after massive small bowel resection (SBR) requires a functional epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR). In vitro studies have shown that serum from mice after SBR induces rat intestinal epithelial cells to proliferate. This study tested the hypothesis that the proliferative response to SBR serum is mediated by EGFR signaling.

METHODS:

Serum was collected from male Sprague-Dawley rats 7 days after 75% SBR or sham operation. Rat intestinal epithelial cells were incubated in the presence of sham or SBR serum. Total EGFR expression and phosphorylation of several EGFR downstream pathways were determined by Western blotting. In other experiments, a specific EGFR inhibitor (ZD1839) was added and cell growth determined over 5 days.

RESULTS:

SBR serum significantly increased total EGFR expression (3-fold) over sham operation and consistently activated the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway. Furthermore, SBR serum markedly augmented rat intestinal epithelial cell growth, an effect that was abolished by EGFR inhibition.

CONCLUSIONS:

SBR serum contains a factor or factors that stimulates proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells by an EGFR and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling mechanism. These data recapitulate in vivo studies supporting the hypothesis that EGFR is a central mediator of postresection intestinal adaptation. This in vitro model may provide a novel means to gain insight into the pathophysiology of intestinal adaptation.

PMID:
12219038
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk