Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Dermatology. 2002;205(2):122-6.

Hyaluronate accumulation and decreased CD44 expression in perifollicular solitary cutaneous myxoma.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Fatih University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Myxomas are rare cutaneous tumors which may be solitary or associated with Carney's complex, NAME or LAMB syndromes. The mucinous material which constitutes the stroma of cutaneous myxomas is predominantly composed of hyaluronate (HA), the major component of the extracellular matrix. CD44 is a polymorphic integral membrane glycoprotein which serves as the principal cell surface receptor for HA.

OBJECTIVE AND METHODS:

Here we present 2 cases of solitary cutaneous myxomas displaying microscopically a perifollicular localization, in which we explored the nature of the accumulated mucinous material by colloidal iron and HA-binding protein stainings, as well as the epidermal expression of CD44 protein by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

We show that HA is accumulated in the stroma of the cutaneous myxoma lesions and that the protein expression of CD44 in the keratinocytes of the trichofolliculoma-like epithelial buds projecting from the hair follicle centering these lesions is significantly decreased.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that a decrease in CD44 expression in follicular epithelial proliferations may be correlated with an abnormal HA accumulation in cutaneous myxoma.

PMID:
12218225
DOI:
10.1159/000063896
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
Loading ...
Support Center