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Semin Urol Oncol. 2002 Aug;20(3):192-210.

Magnetic resonance imaging of prostate cancer.

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Section of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283, USA.


Management of carcinoma of the prostate has traditionally been guided by digital rectal examination, and by laboratory data such as serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level and histopathologic tumor grade. The introduction of the endorectal coil has improved the ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to contribute to staging and treatment planning of prostate cancer, especially in cases of confined or locally invasive disease. Exciting research in the fields of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and MR-guided intervention of the prostate may soon expand the role of MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. This article reviews current MRI techniques, the MRI features of prostate cancer, the role and efficacy of MRI in prostate carcinoma staging, and the current and future uses of MR spectroscopy and MR-guided prostate brachytherapy.

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