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Hum Genet. 2002 Sep;111(3):242-6. Epub 2002 Jul 20.

A point mutation, R59G, within the HMG-SRY box in a female 45,X/46,X, psu dic(Y)(pter-->q11::q11-->pter).

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Departamento de Psicobiología, Universidade da Coruña, Campus Elviña, 15071 A Coruña, España.


We report a molecular and cytogenetic investigation of a psu dic(Yp) chromosome identified in blood and ovarian tissue from a female with mosaic karyotype 45,X/46,X,+ psu dic(Yp). FISH analysis showed that the psu dic(Yp) has two copies of the short arm, two centromeres and two copies of the proximal long arm. PCR analysis also confirmed the presence of the SRY gene and the Y centromere, and also confirmed the deletion of the Y-heterochromatic region. Because of the possibility of a mutation, a fragment of 609 bp of the SRY gene was sequenced from independent PCR products. The analysis of the sequence indicated the presence of two different copies of the gene: one presented a point mutation, R59G, within the HMG-box; the other had a sequence identical to that already published. Both sequences were found at a proportion of 1:1. The absence of a 46,XY cell line suggests that the rearrangement took place during gametogenesis or during the first division after fertilization. Also, the existence of different sequences of the SRYgene in the same Y chromosome suggests that the formation of the dicentric took place prior to the mutation of the SRY gene. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a mutation has been described in codon 59 within the HMG- SRY box, and also the first case of a psu dic(Yp) chromosome that displays two different copies of the SRY gene.

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