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Vaccine. 2002 Sep 10;20(27-28):3292-303.

Protective efficacy of a tandemly linked, multi-subunit recombinant leishmanial vaccine (Leish-111f) formulated in MPL adjuvant.

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Corixa Corporation, 1124 Columbia Street, Suite 200, Seattle, WA 98104, USA.

Erratum in

  • Vaccine. 2002 Nov 1;20(31-32):3783..


Three immunodominant leishmanial antigens (TSA, LmSTI1 and LeIF) previously identified in the context of host response to infection in infected donors and BALB/c mice, as well as their ability to elicit at least partial protection against Leishmania major infection in the BALB/c mouse model, were selected for inclusion into a subunit based vaccine. This is based on the premise that an effective vaccine against leishmaniasis (a complex parasitic infection) would require a multivalent cocktail of several antigens containing a broader range of protective epitopes that would cover a wide range of MHC types in a heterogeneous population. For practical considerations of vaccine development, we report on the generation of a single recombinant polyprotein comprising the sequences of all three open reading frames genetically linked in tandem. The resulting molecule, Leish-111f, comprises an open reading frame that codes for a 111kDa polypeptide. Evaluation of the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of Leish-111f formulated with IL-12 revealed that the immune responses to the individual components were maintained and as well, rLeish-111f protected BALB/c mice against L. major infection to a magnitude equal or superior to those seen with any of the individual components of the vaccine construct or SLA, a soluble Leishmania lysate. But because rIL-12 is expensive and difficult to manufacture and its efficacy and safety as an adjuvant for human use is questionable, we screened for other adjuvants that could potentially substitute for IL-12. We report that monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) plus squalene (MPL-SE) formulated with rLeish-111f elicited protective immunity against L. major infection. The demonstrated feasibility to manufacture a single recombinant vaccine comprising multiple protective open reading frames and the potential use of MPL-SE as a substitute for IL-12, takes us closer to the realization of an affordable and safe Leishmania vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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