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J Med Chem. 2002 Sep 12;45(19):4359-70.

Inhibition of the antibacterial target UDP-(3-O-acyl)-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (LpxC): isoxazoline zinc amidase inhibitors bearing diverse metal binding groups.

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Department of Chemistry, Levine Science Research Center, Box 90317, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0317, USA.


UDP-3-O-[R-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-GlcNAc deacetylase (LpxC) is a zinc amidase that catalyzes the second step of lipid A biosynthesis in Gram negative bacteria. Known inhibitors of this enzyme are oxazolines incorporating a hydroxamic acid at the 4-position, which is believed to coordinate to the single essential zinc ion. A new structural class of inhibitors was designed to incorporate a more stable and more synthetically versatile isoxazoline core. The synthetic versatility of the isoxazoline allowed for a broad study of metal binding groups. Nine of 17 isoxazolines, each incorporating a different potential metal binding functional group, were found to exhibit enzyme inhibitory activity, including one that is more active than the corresponding hydroxamic acid. Additionally, a designed affinity label inhibits LpxC in a time-dependent manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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