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Ren Fail. 2002 Jul;24(4):391-406.

Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1): a potential recovery signal in the post-ischemic kidney.

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Instituto Reina Sofia de Investigación Nefrológia, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Salamanca, Spain.


TGF-beta1 has been demonstrated to be up-regulated in response to ischemic events both in animal models and in man. Demonstration of this up-regulation in the kidney following experimentally induced acute renal failure and in renal transplants complements similar findings in coronary and cerebral ischemia. Activation of TGF-beta1 occurs as a direct consequence of hypoxia, angiotensin II signaling and loss of extra cellular matrix (ECM) integrity, all of which occur in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. TGF-beta1 thus up-regulates the synthesis of extracellular matrix components such as fibronectin and collagen IV providing a basis for the restoration of epithelial coverage in the regenerating tubule. TGF-beta1 also regulates epithelial tubular cell proliferation and differentiation. This response is quickly closed down in response to recovery of the kidney. This review examines the evidence linking TGF-beta1 activity to recovery from renal ischemia thereby constructing a hypothesis for the beneficial role of TGF-beta1 in the post ischemic kidney.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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