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Yeast. 2002 Sep 15;19(12):1039-56.

ARL1 and membrane traffic in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA.


To examine the functions of the Arf-like protein, Arl1p, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a null allele, arl1delta::HIS3, was constructed in two strains. In one background only, loss of ARL1 resulted in temperature-sensitive (ts) growth (suppressed on high-osmolarity media). Allelic variation at the SSD1 locus accounted for differences between strains. Strains lacking ARL1 exhibited several defects in membrane traffic. First, arl1delta strains secreted less protein as measured by TCA-precipitable radioactivity found in the media of [(35)S]-labelled cells. A portion of newly synthesized carboxypeptidase Y (CPY) was secreted rather than correctly targeted to the vacuole. Uptake of the fluid-phase marker, lucifer yellow, was reduced. All these phenotypes were exacerbated in an ssd1 background. The ts phenotype of the arl1deltassd1 strain was suppressed by YPT1, the yeast Rab1a homologue, suggesting that ARL1 and YPT1 have partially overlapping functions. These findings demonstrate that ARL1 encodes a regulator of membrane traffic.

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