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J Med Virol. 2002 Sep;68(1):113-8.

Norwalk-like virus 95/96-US strain is a major cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in Australia.

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Virology Division, Department of Microbiology, SEALS, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, Australia.


Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs) were detected using a nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with primers directed to the RNA polymerase region. Samples were examined from 11 separate outbreaks of gastroenteritis and five sporadic cases of childhood gastroenteritis between 1997 and 2000. Phylogenetic analysis of the 298 bp sequences showed that all strains belong to NLV genogroup II and the majority of the sequenced isolates (30/36) were members of the 95/96-US subset of strains associated with outbreaks recorded worldwide between 1995 and 1996. This was confirmed by analysis of the full length capsid region of a representative Australian isolate. This study demonstrates the usefulness of targeting primers for NLVs to the predominant circulating genotype(s) and confirms the spread of this subtype globally, including the Southern Hemisphere.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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