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J Med Virol. 2002 Oct;68(2):291-8.

Mixed infections of adults and children with multiple TTV-like mini virus isolates.

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1
Department of Clinical Analyses, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil.

Abstract

Testing of the DNA of TTV-like mini virus (TLMV) was done with serum samples obtained from 184 patients (children and adults) who visited different outpatient clinics at a university hospital in Florianopolis, south of Brazil. TLMV DNA was detected by PCR primers from the non-coding region of the genome. A global TLMV prevalence of 78% was found (94% among children below 11 years). PCR products from three serum samples (patients A-C) were cloned, and the sequences with a length of 201-227 nucleotides were determined for 16-19 clones derived from each of the sera. Among the 16 clones derived from patient C, 15 were identical, and the remaining one had a sequence homology of 99%. In contrast, eight different sequences were obtained among the 19 clones derived from patient A, and 10 distinct sequences were depicted among the 17 clones derived from the serum of patient B. Additionally, 13 clones derived from a saliva sample of patient B were sequenced, and seven different nucleotide sequences obtained. One particular sequence was predominant in both serum (8/17 clones) and saliva (7/13 clones) of patient B. On a phylogenetic tree, sequences derived from patient A (a 6-year-old boy), as well as those derived from patient B (a 24-year-old man), were located in five distinct evolutionary branches, taking a minimum divergence of 5% between branches. This suggested that adults and children are coinfected frequently with several TLMV isolates of different origins.

PMID:
12210422
DOI:
10.1002/jmv.10187
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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