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Am J Med Genet. 2002 Sep 1;111(4):388-91.

Growth charts for nose length, nasal protrusion, and philtrum length from birth to 97 years.

Author information

1
Institute of Medical Genetics, University of Zurich, Switzerland. zankl@medgen.unizh.ch

Abstract

Craniofacial measurements are an integral part in the evaluation of a dysmorphic patient. Since the clinical impression can be misleading, dysmorphic features should be validated by quantitative criteria wherever possible. Anthropometric measurements have been used in the characterization of many dysmorphic syndromes. However, data on normal craniofacial measurements is sparse and incomplete. In this study, we present normal values for nose size and philtrum length based on measurements on 2,500 healthy individuals of central European origin, ranging in age from zero to 97 years.

PMID:
12210297
DOI:
10.1002/ajmg.10472
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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