Send to

Choose Destination
J Pharm Sci. 2002 Sep;91(9):1923-35.

Inhibition-based metabolic drug-drug interactions: predictions from in vitro data.

Author information

Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7610, USA.


There has been a growing interest in predicting in vivo metabolic drug-drug interactions from in vitro systems. High-throughput screening methods aimed at assessing the potential of drug candidates for drug interactions are widely used in industry. However, at present, there is no consensus on methodologies that would yield reliable quantitative predictions, because a number of issues remain unsolved, such as estimations of inhibition constants in vitro and inhibitor concentration around the enzyme site in vivo. In the present review, different approaches to estimation of inhibitor concentration around the enzyme site are summarized; also, the problems associated with estimation of in vitro K(i) values due to incubation conditions and environment differences between in vitro and in vivo are presented. A new approach based on comparisons of in vitro and in vivo inhibition potencies by calculation of in vivo inhibition constants is discussed. Examples of predictions of in vivo drug interactions based on mechanism-based inactivation are described. Unresolved issues that would allow further refinement of existing prediction models are also evaluated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center