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Am J Phys Anthropol. 2002 Sep;119(1):77-83.

ALFRED: An allele frequency database for anthropology.

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Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8005, USA.


The deluge of data from the human genome project (HGP) presents new opportunities for molecular anthropologists to study human variation through the promise of vast numbers of new polymorphisms (e.g., single nucleotide polymorphisms or SNPs). Collecting the resulting data into a single, easily accessible resource will be important to facilitate this research. We created a prototype Web-accessible database named ALFRED (ALelle FREquency Database, to store and make publicly available allele frequency data on diverse polymorphic sites for many populations. In constructing this database, we considered many different concerns relating to the types of information needed for anthropology, population genetics, molecular genetics, and statistics, as well as issues of data integrity and ease of access to data. We also developed links to other Web-based databases as well as procedures for others to make links to the data in ALFRED. Here we present an overview of the issues considered and provisional solutions, as well as an example of data already available. It is our hope that this database will be useful for research and teaching in a wide range of fields, and that colleagues from various fields will contribute to making ALFRED an important resource for many studies as yet unforeseen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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