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Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Aug;46(8):2219-24.

Reduction of CpG-induced arthritis by suppressive oligodeoxynucleotides.

Author information

1
Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA, Bethesda, Maryland, and Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Bacterial DNA contains immunostimulatory CpG motifs that cause inflammation when injected into the knee joints of normal mice. We examined whether synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) that suppress CpG-induced immune responses prevent CpG-induced arthritis.

METHODS:

CpG, suppressive, and/or control ODN were injected into the knees of BALB/c mice. Joint swelling and inflammation were evaluated by physical measurement, by histologic analysis of joint tissue, and by magnetic resonance imaging.

RESULTS:

Immunostimulatory CpG DNA induced local arthritis, characterized by swelling of the knee joints, the presence of inflammatory cell infiltrates, the perivascular accumulation of mononuclear cells, and hyperplasia of the synovial lining. Administering suppressive (but not control) ODN reduced the manifestations and severity of arthritis up to 80%.

CONCLUSION:

Suppressive ODN may be useful for the prevention or treatment of arthritis induced by bacterial DNA.

PMID:
12209528
DOI:
10.1002/art.10423
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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