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Nat Rev Immunol. 2002 Sep;2(9):647-55.

Coeliac disease: dissecting a complex inflammatory disorder.

Author information

1
Institute of Immunology, Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, 0027 Oslo, Norway. l.m.sollid@labmed.uio.no

Abstract

The disease mechanisms of complex inflammatory disorders are difficult to define because of extensive interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Coeliac disease is a typical complex inflammatory disorder, but this disease is unusual in that crucial genetic and environmental factors have been identified. This knowledge has allowed functional studies of the predisposing HLA molecules, the identification of antigenic epitopes and detailed studies of disease-relevant T cells in coeliac disease. This dissection of the pathogenic mechanisms of coeliac disease has uncovered principles that are relevant to other chronic inflammatory diseases.

PMID:
12209133
DOI:
10.1038/nri885
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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