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Neuromuscul Disord. 2002 Oct;12(7-8):680-6.

Nebulin mutations in autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy: an update.

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  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki and the Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, P.O. Box 211, FIN-00251, Helsinki, Finland.


We report mutational analysis of the last 42 exons of the nebulin gene (NEB) in 77 patients with various forms of nemaline myopathy. In addition to the previously described six mutations in five families, we identified 12 novel recessive mutations in 13 families. Affected individuals were homozygous for the mutations in five families and compound heterozygous in two, while in the remaining cases only one heterozygous mutation was identified. The majority of the mutations were frameshifts due to small deletions or insertions; also common were point mutations causing premature stop codons or abnormal splicing, while missense mutations appeared rare. There were no obvious mutational hotspots, although four unrelated patients showed mutations in the differentially expressed exon 177d, and another three showed mutations in exon 184. Most of the mutations are predicted to result in truncated or internally deleted proteins. Mutations in the differentially expressed exons are expected to reduce the nebulin isoform diversity necessary for normal muscle development.

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