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J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Sep 11;124(36):10644-5.

Characterization of the early stage aminoshikimate pathway in the formation of 3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid: the RifN protein specifically converts kanosamine into kanosamine 6-phosphate.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Box 351700, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1700, USA.


The biosynthesis of 3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid (AHBA), precursor of the ansamycin and mitomycin antibiotics, proceeds by the aminoshikimate pathway from 3,4-dideoxy-4-amino-D-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate (aminoDAHP). Identification of RifN, product of one of three genes from the rifamycin biosynthetic gene cluster known to be essential for aminoDAHP formation, as a specific kanosamine (3-deoxy-3-amino-D-glucose) 6-kinase establishes kanosamine and its 6-phosphate as specific intermediates in AHBA formation. This suggests a hypothetical reaction sequence for aminoDAHP formation, and thus for the early steps of AHBA biosynthesis, starting from UDP-D-glucose and introducing the nitrogen by oxidation and transamination at C-3.

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