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Bull Cancer. 2002 Jul-Aug;89(7-8):689-95.

[From cytogenetics to cytogenomics of adipose tissue tumors: 1. Benign adipose tissue tumors].

[Article in French]

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Laboratoire de génétique, Hôpital de l'Archet, 151, route de Saint-Antoine-de-Ginestière, BP 3079, 06202 Nice Cedex 3, France.


Benign lipomatous tumors are characterized at the genetic level by different types of chromosomal abnormalities. A rearrangement of the HMGIC (HMGA2) gene, localized in 12q15 and coding for an architectural non-histone DNA protein, is observed in a majority of solitary superficial lipomas. Alterations of HMGIC are often resulting from reciprocal translocations, such as t(3;12)(q27-28;q15) that fuses LPP with HMGIC, but a variety of chromosomal anomalies, such as deletions, inversions or insertions are also observed. Rearrangements of chromosomal regions 6p21-22, 13q, 11q13, 12q13 or others are described in approximately one third of superficial lipoma cases with abnormal karyotypes. The genes involved in these alterations remain to be determined. Lipoblastomas are pediatric neoplasms that are characterized by rearrangements of PLAG1, located in 8q11-12 whereas hibernomas, that resemble brown fat, are associated with 11q13 rearrangements together with often complex chromosomal alterations. Deletions of 13q and 16q have been identified in spindle cell lipomas. A t(11;16)(q13;p12-13) have been described in the two published karyotypes of chondroid lipomas. The chromosomal features of other rare benign lipomatous tumors, the differential diagnosis of which is occasionally difficult, such as infiltrating intra-muscular lipomas, organic deep-seated lipomas, or angiomyolipomas, myolipomas, myxolipomas are still poorly defined. Although the genetic characterization of benign lipomatous tumors has been dramatically in progress over the last ten years, many aspects remain obscure and warrant future investigations for a better comprehension of underlying molecular mechanisms.

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