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Respir Med. 2002 Aug;96(8):607-10.

The usefulness of serum adenosine deaminase 2 (ADA2) activity in adults for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis.

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Serviço de Pneumologia, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Brigadeiro Trompowsky, s/no., 3o. andar, SME da Pneumologia, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.


Rapid diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains an obstacle for therapy of tuberculosis (TB). Adenosine deaminase isoform 2 (ADA2) is produced by activated macrophages and has been used for diagnosis of TB from extra-pulmonary sites. However, few studies adequately address whether serum ADA2 activity is useful for diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). We prospectively measured serum ADA2 activity in 110 patients with pulmonary disease (65 cases with active PTB and 45 cases with other respiratory diseases) and 78 healthy volunteers (eight with tuberculin skin test positive). The serum ADA2 for the diagnosis of PTB had the sensitivity of 36.9%, the specificity of 84.5%, the positive predictive value of 10.9% and the negative predictive value of 96.2%. We concluded that serum ADA2 activity is neither useful to diagnosis of active PTB nor to differentiate from other respiratory diseases.

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