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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Aug 15;1572(1):91-100.

Formation of lysophospholipids from unsaturated phosphatidylcholines under the influence of hypochlorous acid.

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Institute of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Medical Department, University of Leipzig, Liebigstr. 27, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.


The formation of lysophosphatidylcholines from unsaturated phosphatidylcholines upon treatment with hypochlorous acid was evaluated by means of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and 31P NMR spectroscopy. With an increasing number of double bonds in a fatty acid residue, the yield of lysophosphatidylcholines with a saturated fatty acid residue increased considerably in comparison to the total amount of higher molecular weight products like chlorohydrins and glycols. High amounts of lysophosphatidylcholines were formed from phospholipids containing arachidonic or docosahexaenoic acid residues. In phospholipids with monounsaturated fatty acid residues, the position of the double bond did not influence the yield of lyso-products. Besides the exclusive formation of chlorohydrin and glycol, hypochlorous acid caused the cleavage of the unsaturated fatty acid residue independent of its location at the first or second position of the glycerol backbone. In contrast, strong alkaline conditions, i.e. saponification led also to a hydrolysis of the saturated fatty acid residue from phosphatidylcholines. It is concluded that both MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and 31P NMR spectroscopy are able to detect the formation of lysophosphatidylcholines. We conclude also that the formation of lysophospholipids from unsaturated phosphatidylcholines by hypochlorous acid can be relevant in vivo under acute inflammatory conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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