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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2002 Jul;13(1):69-83.

Gene expression in haemocytes of kuruma prawn, Penaeus japonicus, in response to infection with WSSV by EST approach.

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Department of Aquatic Biosciences, Tokyo University of Fisheries, Japan.


Gene expression in haemocytes of the kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus) was investigated using an expressed sequence tag (EST) approach. Partial nucleotide sequences of cDNA library clones constructed from normal and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)--infected P. japonicus haemocytes were determined. Of 635 clones obtained from the normal library, 284 (44.7%) significantly matched sequences in GenBank, and of 370 clones obtained from WSSV-infected library, 174 (47.0%) significantly matched sequences in the database. One hundred fifty-two deduced proteins were newly identified. Of these, 28 types were involved in biodefence. For the prophenoloxidase system, there are prophenoloxidase, coagulation factor G-beta chain precursor, factor D, Masquarade-like protease, transglutaminase (TGase), clottable protein and eight types of protease inhibitors (two types of antileukoproteinase, alpha-2-macroglobulin, chelonianin, elastase inhibitor, two types of Kazal inhibitor and Kunitz-type inhibitor). For antibacterial peptides, there are bactinecin 11, penaeidin-2 precursor and lysozyme c type. The others defence-related proteins are basophil leukocyte interleukin-3-regulated protein, natural killer enhancing factor (NK-EF), integral membrane protein (CD34+), ESM-1, Notch homologue and Drac homologue. For the adhesion proteins, there are beta-integrin, cell adhesion molecule (CAM) and three types of collagens. All ESTs representing protease inhibitors and tumour-related proteins were found only in the WSSV-infected library. Those encoding for apoptotic peptides were expressed at high levels in infected library. The putative defence proteins accounted for 2.7% of total ESTs in a normal shrimp library and 15.7% of the total ESTs in an infected library.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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