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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 1;277(44):42386-93. Epub 2002 Aug 27.

Transcriptional activation of interleukin-8 by beta-catenin-Tcf4.

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Unité de Recombinaison et Expression Génétique (Inserm U163), Département de Médecine Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, 28 rue du Dr. Roux, 75015 Paris, France.


Nuclear translocation of beta-catenin and its association with Tcf/Lef factors are key steps in transduction of the Wnt signal, which is aberrantly activated in a variety of human cancers. In a search for new beta-catenin-Tcf target genes, we analyzed beta-catenin-induced alterations of gene expression in primary human hepatocytes, after transduction of either dominant stable beta-catenin or its truncated, transactivation-deficient counterpart by means of a lentiviral vector. cDNA microarray analysis revealed a limited set of up-regulated genes, including known Wnt targets such as matrilysin and keratin-1. In this screen, we identified the CXC chemokine interleukin 8 (IL-8) as a direct target of beta-catenin-Tcf4. IL-8 is constitutively expressed in various cancers, and it has been implicated in tumor progression through its mitogenic, motogenic, and angiogenic activities. The IL-8 promoter contains a unique consensus Tcf/Lef site that is critical for IL-8 activation by beta-catenin. We show here that the p300 coactivator was required for efficient transactivation of beta-catenin on this promoter. Ectopic expression of beta-catenin in hepatoma cells promoted IL-8 secretion, which stimulated endothelial cell migration. These data define IL-8 as a Wnt target and suggest that IL-8 induction by beta-catenin might be implicated in developmental and tumorigenic processes.

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