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Helicobacter. 2002;7 Suppl 1:8-16.

Epidemiology and diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection.

Author information

1
School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

There have been no major breakthroughs in the field of epidemiology and diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection over the last year, thus for this reason, these two topics will be treated in the same chapter. Information on the incidence of infection, as in the study of Malaty et al. are now being published from long-term cohort follow-ups. The route of transmission of H. pylori remains controversial, with circumstantial evidence for infection via exposure to animals, contaminated water supplies and oral reservoirs being reported. The value of citric acid to improve urea breath test (UBT) results has been documented. A novel stool test has been released on the market and we are awaiting more information, while detection of antibodies in urine gave satisfactory results. However, the most interesting data comes from the study of McColl et al. who clearly proved on a large sample and a 1-year follow-up that the 'test and treat' strategy using UBT, as proposed in the Maastricht Consensus Report, is definitely the method to use.

PMID:
12197904
DOI:
10.1046/j.1523-5378.7.s1.10.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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