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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 1;277(44):42372-9. Epub 2002 Aug 23.

Regions of the mouse CD14 molecule required for toll-like receptor 2- and 4-mediated activation of NF-kappa B.

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Division of Microbiology, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan.


Regions of mouse CD14 required for Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2)- and TLR4-mediated activation of NF-kappaB were studied in transiently transfected 293 cells. Wild-type CD14 enhanced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NF-kappaB-dependent reporter activity in cells expressing TLR4/MD-2, and deletion of amino acid regions 35-44, 144-153, 235-243, and 270-275 impaired the TLR4-mediated activation. Unlike human CD14, mouse CD14 truncated at amino acid 151 lost the activity. Deletion of amino acids 35-44 or 235-243 also abrogated TLR2-mediated activation of NF-kappaB, whereas mutants lacking 144-153 and 270-275 retained the activity. Deletion and alanine substitution experiments revealed that amino acids 151-153 and 273-275 were required for the TLR4-mediated activation. Both deletion mutants lacking amino acids 35-44 and 235-243 and alanine substitution mutants in regions 151-153 and 273-275 were expressed on the cell surface and retained the ability to associate with TLR4. A cross-linking study with photoreactive LPS showed that the labeling intensities to CD14 mutants/TLR4/MD-2 were paralleled by the ability of CD14 mutants to increase TLR4-mediated activation. These results indicate that different regions of mouse CD14 are required for TLR4- and TLR2-mediated activation of NF-kappaB and suggest that amino acids 35-44, 151-153, 235-243, and 273-275 of mouse CD14 play an important role in LPS binding and its transfer to TLR4/MD-2.

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