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Biochem J. 2002 Dec 1;368(Pt 2):555-63.

COUP-TF (chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor)-interacting protein 1 (CTIP1) is a sequence-specific DNA binding protein.

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Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-3507, U.S.A.


Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor (COUP-TF)-interacting proteins 1 and 2 [CTIP1/Evi9/B cell leukaemia (Bcl) l1a and CTIP2/Bcl11b respectively] are highly related C(2)H(2) zinc finger proteins that are abundantly expressed in brain and the immune system, and are associated with immune system malignancies. A selection procedure was employed to isolate high-affinity DNA binding sites for CTIP1. The core binding site on DNA identified in these studies, 5'-GGCCGG-3' (upper strand), is highly related to the canonical GC box and was bound by a CTIP1 oligomeric complex(es) in vitro. Furthermore, both CTIP1 and CTIP2 repressed transcription of a reporter gene harbouring a multimerized CTIP binding site, and this repression was neither reversed by trichostatin A (an inhibitor of known class I and II histone deacetylases) nor stimulated by co-transfection of a COUP-TF family member. These results demonstrate that CTIP1 is a sequence-specific DNA binding protein and a bona fide transcriptional repressor that is capable of functioning independently of COUP-TF family members. These findings may be relevant to the physiological and/or pathological action(s) of CTIPs in cells that do not express COUP-TF family members, such as cells of the haematopoietic and immune systems.

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