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J Infect Dis. 2002 Sep 1;186(5):684-9. Epub 2002 Aug 5.

Genotype of 86 Toxoplasma gondii isolates associated with human congenital toxoplasmosis, and correlation with clinical findings.

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1
Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, EA 3174, Faculté de Médecine, Limoges, France.

Abstract

To study the influence of Toxoplasma gondii genotypes on the severity of human congenital toxoplasmosis (asymptomatic, benign, or severe infection or newborn or fetal death), 8 microsatellite markers were used to analyze 86 T. gondii isolates collected from patients with congenital toxoplasmosis. Seventy-four different genotypes were detected, some identical genotypes originating probably from the same source of contamination. The 3 less polymorphic microsatellite markers associated with 6 isoenzymatic markers allowed a classification of isolates into the 3 classical types and detected atypical genotypes. Whatever the clinical findings, type II isolates were largely predominant (84.88% in the whole collection and 96.49% in 57 consecutive cases). Type I and atypical isolates were not found in asymptomatic or benign congenital toxoplasmosis. However, in 4 cases in which children were not infected despite isolation of T. gondii from placenta, only type I isolates were found.

PMID:
12195356
DOI:
10.1086/342663
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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