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J Infect Dis. 2002 Sep 1;186(5):661-7. Epub 2002 Aug 1.

Evidence for a continuum of decreased vancomycin susceptibility in unselected Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.

Abstract

Some Staphylococcus aureus isolates have glycopeptide minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) in the susceptible range but have subpopulations that grow on >or=4 microg/mL vancomycin. Clinical laboratory methods for determining susceptibility have proven to be inadequate for detecting these strains. Among methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) clinical isolates, 149 (66.2%) of 225 and 17 (56.6%) of 30, respectively, grew on brain-heart infusion (BHI) medium containing 2 microg/mL vancomycin; 17 (7.5%) of the MRSA and 2 (6.6%) of the MSSA isolates grew on BHI screening plates containing 4 microg/mL vancomycin. One isolate grew on plates containing 6 microg/mL vancomycin. This isolate escaped detection by routine testing but had a vancomycin MIC of 6 microg/mL when tested in BHI medium. This isolate also had decreased Triton X-100-induced autolysis and killing when incubated in broth media containing vancomycin, properties accorded to glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus isolates. These observations suggest that glycopeptide-intermediate-like S. aureus isolates are circulating undetected and that a continuum of decreased susceptibility exists in unselected isolates.

PMID:
12195353
DOI:
10.1086/342708
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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