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Endocrinology. 2002 Sep;143(9):3376-84.

G protein-coupled receptor 30 is critical for a progestin-induced growth inhibition in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

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1
Department of Cell Biology, Medical School, 33014 University of Tampere, Finland. ta55935@uta.fi

Abstract

The issue of how progesterone affects mammary gland growth is controversial, and the mechanism governing the effects of the hormone remains mostly unknown. We have previously shown that G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) is a progestin target gene whose expression correlates with progestin-induced growth inhibition in breast cancer cells. In this study, we investigate the role of GPR30 in regulating cell proliferation and mediating progestin-induced growth inhibition. When progestin failed to inhibit the growth of MCF-7 cells and instead stimulated growth, GPR30 was down-regulated. In this way, the inhibitory or stimulatory affects that progestin has on proliferation correlated with the level of expression of GPR30. Transient expression of GPR30 resulted in a marked inhibition of cell proliferation independent of estrogen treatment. GPR30 antisense was used to evaluate the role of GPR30 expression in progestin-induced growth inhibition. A diminished GPR30 mRNA expression by the antisense stimulated growth. Interestingly, GPR30 antisense abrogated the growth inhibitory effect of progestin and progesterone. Indeed, progestin induced 1) a reduction in cell proliferation, 2) G1-phase arrest, and 3) down-regulation of cyclin D1 was diminished. These data suggest that the orphan receptor, GPR30, is important for the inhibitory effect of progestin on growth.

PMID:
12193550
DOI:
10.1210/en.2001-211445
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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