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Microbes Infect. 2002 Aug;4(10):1059-66.

Cryptosporidiosis: epidemiology and impact.

Author information

1
Division of Geographic and International Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, P.O. Box 801379, Charlottesville, VA 22908-1379, USA.

Abstract

Cryptosporidium was first recognized in humans in 1976 and came to prominence in the 1980s and 1990s as a cause of severe diarrheal illness in patients with AIDS. Its hardy, chlorine-resistant oocysts, tiny size, low infectious dose, fully infectious development when shed and zoonotic potential make it a threat in drinking and recreational water, contaminated food, day care centers, hospitals, and in persons with exposure to animals or unsanitary conditions, with potentially huge, long-term impact in malnourished children, as reviewed herein.

PMID:
12191656
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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