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Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 May 24;444(1-2):39-45.

Pteropodine and isopteropodine positively modulate the function of rat muscarinic M(1) and 5-HT(2) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocyte.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Natural Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.

Abstract

Pteropodine and isopteropodine are heteroyohimbine-type oxindole alkaloid components of Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC, a Peruvian medicinal plant known as cat's claw. In this study, the effects of these alkaloids on the function of Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) currents evoked by stimulation of G protein-coupled muscarinic M(1) acetylcholine and 5-HT(2) receptors were studied in Xenopus oocytes in which rat cortex total RNA was translated. Pteropodine and isopteropodine (1-30 microM) failed to induce membrane current by themselves. However, these alkaloids markedly enhanced the current responses evoked by both acetylcholine and 5-hydroxyhyptamine (5-HT) in a concentration-dependent and reversible manner with the maximal effects at 30 microM. Pteropodine and isopteropodine produced 2.7- and 3.3-fold increases in the acetylcholine response with EC(50) values of 9.52 and 9.92 microM, respectively, and 2.4- and 2.5-fold increases in the 5-HT response with EC(50) values of 13.5 and 14.5 microM, respectively. In contrast, in oocytes injected with total RNA from the rat cerebellum or spinal cord, neither alkaloid had an effect on the metabotropic current responses mediated by glutamate receptor(1 and 5) (mGlu(1/5)) receptors or ionotropic responses mediated by N-methyl-D-aspartate, kainic acid or glycine. Pteropodine and isopteropodine (10 microM) significantly reduced the EC(50) values of acetylcholine and 5-HT that elicited current responses, but had no effect on the maximal current responses elicited by acetylcholine and 5-HT. On the other hand, mitraphylline, a stereoisomer of pteropodine, failed to modulate acetylcholine- and 5-HT-induced responses. These results suggest that pteropodine and isopteropodine act as positive modulators of muscarinic M(1) and 5-HT(2) receptors.

PMID:
12191580
DOI:
10.1016/s0014-2999(02)01608-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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