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Leuk Res. 2002 Aug;26(8):757-63.

Engineered fusion hybrid vaccine of IL-4 gene-modified myeloma and relative mature dendritic cells enhances antitumor immunity.

Author information

1
Research Unit, Departments of Oncology and Pathology, College of Medicine, Saskatchewan Cancer Agency, University of Saskatchewan, 20 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 4H4.

Abstract

Dendritic cell (DC)-tumor fusion hybrid vaccine which facilitates antigen presentation represents a new powerful strategy in cancer therapy. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor immunity derived from vaccination of fusion hybrids between wild-type J558 or engineered J558-IL-4 myeloma cells secreting cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4) and immature DCs (DC(IMAT)) or relative mature DCs (DC(RMAT)). DC(RMAT) displayed an up-regulated expression of immune molecules (Ia(d), CD40, CD54, CD80 and CD86) and certain cytokines/chemokines, and enhanced ability of allogeneic T cell stimulation when compared to DC(IMAT). These DCs were fused with myeloma cells by polyethylene glycol (PEG). The fusion efficiency was approximately 20%. Our data showed that immunization of C57BL/6 mice with DC(RMAT)/J558 hybrids induced protective immunity against a high dose of J558 tumor challenge (1x10(6) cells) in 3 out of 10 immunized mice, compared with no protection seen in mice immunized with DC(IMAT)/J558 hybrids. Furthermore, immunization of mice with engineered DC(RMAT)/J558-IL-4 hybrids elicited stronger J558 tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vitro and induced more efficient protective immunity (10/10 mice; tumor free) against J558 tumor challenge in vivo than DC(RMAT)/J558 hybrid vaccines. The results demonstrate the importance of DC maturation in DC-tumor hybrid vaccines and indicate that the engineered fusion hybrid vaccines which combine gene-modified tumor and DC vaccines may be an attractive strategy for cancer immunotherapy.

PMID:
12191571
DOI:
10.1016/s0145-2126(02)00002-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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