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J Oral Pathol Med. 2002 Jul;31(6):353-60.

Interleukin-1 beta induces interleukin-6 mRNA expression and protein production in synovial cells from human temporomandibular joint.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan.



Interleukin (IL)-1 beta and IL-6 were found to be elevated in fluid from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), although the source of these cytokines was not elucidated. There is little known about the function and response of synovial cells in the TMJ. The purpose of this study was to prepare cultured human synovial cells (HTS cells) from the TMJ and to investigate IL-6 production in HTS cells incubated with IL-1 beta.


HTS cells were isolated from temporomandibular joint synovial tissue using an outgrowth method and then cultured in Ham's F12 medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. The HTS cells were treated with or without IL-1 beta for 3, 6, 9 and 24 h. IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) levels in cultured supernatant were measured by ELISA. IL-6 mRNA expression was investigated using immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR.


HTS cells were morphologically heterogeneous. IL-1 beta increased IL-6 production in HTS cells. In those treated with IL-1 beta, several cells were strongly stained in the cytoplasm around the nucleus, while several cells were weakly stained in this area. IL-1 beta also stimulated IL-6 mRNA expression. In contrast, sIL-6R could not be detected in cells treated with or without IL-1 beta.


IL-1 beta increased IL-6 production in synovial cells resulting from an increase in IL-6 mRNA expression. Enhanced production of IL-6, which is associated with bone resorption and inflammatory response, seems to be related to the progression of TMJ disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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