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Biochem J. 2002 Dec 15;368(Pt 3):947-52.

Autophosphorylation kinetics of protein kinases.

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  • 1National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100101, P.R. China.


Protein kinases play a central role in cellular signal transduction, by transmitting biochemical information between activated membrane-bound receptors and physiological target proteins. In addition to phosphorylating other proteins, almost all protein kinases catalyse autophosphorylation reactions (i.e. reactions in which the kinase serves as its own substrate). The autophosphorylation reactions can be intramolecular or intermolecular. In the present study, a detailed kinetic analysis of the intermolecular autophosphorylation reaction is presented. On the basis of the kinetic equations, a new procedure is developed to evaluate the kinetic parameters of the autophosphorylation reaction. This method was used to analyse the intermolecular autophosphorylation of an S6/H4 kinase from human placenta. At a fixed ATP concentration of 0.125 mM, the apparent catalytic-centre activity (turnover number; k (cat)) and apparent Michaelis-Menten constant ( K (m)) for the autophosphorylation reaction were determined to be 0.91 min(-1) and 0.86 microM respectively.

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