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Mol Cell Biochem. 2002 Jul;236(1-2):107-14.

Norepinephrine regulates the in vivo expression of the L-type calcium channel.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. kish.golden@wayne.edu

Abstract

The alpha1c subunit (DHP receptor) of the L-type Ca2+ channel is important for calcium homeostasis in cardiac muscle. The DHPr provides the primary mechanism for calcium influx during contraction. Published results demonstrate three in vitro signaling pathways that are important in the regulation of DHPr gene expression in neonatal cardiac myocytes, the protein kinase A (PKA), protein kinase C (PKC) pathways, and intracellular calcium. To determine whether these pathways are important in vivo, we treated adult rats with infusions of isoproterenol, or norepinephrine at 200 microg/kg/h and assessed DHPr mRNA and protein levels. Following a 3-day infusion isoproterenol (ISO) and norepinephrine (NE) produced a small but insignificant reduction in DHPr mRNA levels. When the infusions were continued for 7 days isoproterenol increased DHPr mRNA accumulation to control levels while NE stimulated a 35% increase in DHPr mRNA levels and a 35% increase in protein abundance when compared to controls (p < 0.05). Furthermore, contractility and Ca2+ transient measurements of isolated cardiac myocytes from NE infused animals also display shortened duration of contraction/relaxation and increased intracellular free Ca2+ (DFFI) in response to electrical stimulation (p < 0.01). We conclude norepinephrine treatment alters DHPr mRNA and protein levels, and augments excitation-contraction coupling, and thus may be important for modulating cardiac calcium homeostasis in vivo.

PMID:
12190108
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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