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Oncology. 2002;63(1):1-5.

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil scheduling, epirubicin and cisplatin for locally advanced bladder cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan. nkh@niigata-inet.or.jp

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder is moderately sensitive to chemotherapy. Notably, the methotrexate, doxorubicin, vinblastine and cisplatin regimen was found to produce a high overall response rate and a modest survival advantage. However, toxicity was significant and the therapy rarely results in long-term disease-free survival. In several clinical series, sequentially delivered methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil followed by leucovorin rescue in expectation of a biochemical modulation has a higher response rate.

METHODS:

The combination chemotherapy using sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil scheduling, epirubicin and cisplatin (MFAP regimen) for locally advanced bladder cancer was evaluated in a neoadjuvant setting. Thirty-seven patients (32 males and 5 females) were enrolled in this study.

RESULTS:

Six (16.2%) of the patients had complete responses and 26 (70.3%) had partial responses to the therapy amounting to a response rate of 86.5%. At follow-up, 10 of 13 patients (76.9%) who underwent bladder preservation had not developed muscle-invasive recurrence of the disease and kept their bladder. There is no statistical difference of the survival rate between the cystectomy group and the bladder preservation group (p = 0.86). Toxicity was relatively mild but with some severe myelotoxic effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

MFAP represents an active regimen in the treatment of locally advanced bladder cancer with a moderate toxicity profile.

PMID:
12187064
DOI:
10.1159/000065713
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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