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J Biol Chem. 2002 Oct 25;277(43):40544-8. Epub 2002 Aug 16.

Concanamycin A, the specific inhibitor of V-ATPases, binds to the V(o) subunit c.

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Universität Osnabrück, Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, Abteilung Tierphysiologie, 49069 Osnabrück, Germany.


Vacuolar-type ATPase (V-ATPase) purified from the midgut of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta is inhibited 50% by 10 nm of the plecomacrolide concanamycin A, the specific inhibitor of V-ATPases. To determine the binding site(s) of that antibiotic in the enzyme complex, labeling with the semisynthetic 9-O-[p-(trifluoroethyldiazirinyl)-benzoyl]-21,23-dideoxy-23-[(125)I]iodo-concanolide A (J-concanolide A) was performed, which still inhibits the V-ATPase 50% at a concentration of 15-20 microm. Upon treatment with UV light, a highly reactive carbene is generated from this concanamycin derivative, resulting in the formation of a covalent bond to the enzyme. In addition, the radioactive tracer (125)I makes the detection of the labeled subunit(s) feasible. Treatment of the V(1)/V(o) holoenzyme, the V(o) complex, and the V-ATPase containing goblet cell apical membranes with concanolide resulted in the labeling of only the proteolipid, subunit c, of the proton translocating V(o) complex. Binding of J-concanolide A to subunit c was prevented in a concentration-dependent manner by concanamycin A, indicating that labeling was specific. Binding was also prevented by the plecomacrolides bafilomycin A(1) and B(1), respectively, but not by the benzolactone enamide salicylihalamide, a member of a novel class of V-ATPase inhibitors.

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