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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Aug 15;221(4):533-5, 500.

Mineralized paraprostatic cyst as a potential contributing factor in the development of perineal hernias in a dog.

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Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996, USA.


Perineal hernias almost exclusively affect male dogs (sexually intact or castrated). Factors that may contribute or predispose a dog to perineal hernias include tenesmus, pelvic musculature variations (male vs female), and gonadal hormone influence. In dogs with perineal hernias and tenesmus it is important to include rectal and prostatic diseases, including paraprostatic cysts, in the differential list of potential underlying causes. Surgical correction of the perineal hernia with a perineal herniorrhaphy is indicated. Successful treatment depends on the degree of preexisting neurologic alterations, meticulous surgical technique, and identification and correction of underlying contributing factors. Paraprostatic cysts develop predominantly in sexually intact medium to large breed dogs. These cysts are thin-walled structures often attached to the prostatic dorsal midline. Osseous metaplasia of paraprostatic cysts may occur. Clinical signs of tenesmus often result from compression on adjacent structures (urinary bladder and colon), and tenesmus may contribute to the development of perineal hernias. Preferred treatment of a paraprostatic cyst is surgical removal and castration. This report describes a dog with bilateral perineal hernias and a large mineralized paraprostatic cyst that was identified as a possible contributing factor to the hernias.

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