Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002 Sep;46(9):2772-8.

Heterologous expression of epothilone biosynthetic genes in Myxococcus xanthus.

Author information

  • 1Kosan Biosciences, Inc., Hayward, California 94545, USA.


Epothilones are potential anticancer drugs that stabilize microtubules in a manner similar to paclitaxel (Taxol). Epothilones are produced from the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum, which has a 16-h doubling time and produces only milligram-per-liter amounts of epothilone A and epothilone B. Furthermore, genetic manipulation of S. cellulosum is difficult. To produce epothilones in a more genetically amenable and rapidly growing host, we chose the closely related and best-characterized myxobacteria Myxococcus xanthus. We inserted 65.4 kb of S. cellulosum DNA that encompassed the entire epothilone gene cluster into the chromosome of M. xanthus by a series of homologous recombination events. The resulting strain produced epothilones A and B. Construction of a strain that contained a mutation in epoK, the P450 epoxidase, resulted in production of epothilones C and D.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center