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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Aug 19;1591(1-3):63-8.

MacroH2A1.2 binds the nuclear protein Spop.

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  • 1Division of Genetic Resources, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1-23-1 Toyama, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan.


X-chromosome inactivation is a phenomenon by which one of the two X chromosomes in somatic cells of female mammals is inactivated for life. The inactivated X chromosomes are covered with Xist (X-inactive specific transcript) RNA, and also enriched with the histone H2A variant, macroH2A1.2. The N-terminal one-third of macroH2A1.2 is homologous to core histone H2A, but the function of the C-terminal two-thirds, which contains a basic, putative leucine zipper domain, remains unknown. In this study, we tried analyzing protein-protein interaction with a yeast two-hybrid system to interact with the nonhistone region of mouse macroH2A1.2. The results showed that macroH2A1.2 interacts with mouse nuclear speckled type protein Spop. The Spop protein has a unique composition: an N-terminal MATH, and a C-terminal BTB/POZ domain. Further binding domain mapping in a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) pull-down experiment revealed that macroH2A1.2 binds the MATH domain of Spop, which in turn binds to the putative leucine zipper domain of macroH2A1.2.

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