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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Sep 1;54(1):177-181.

External beam radiotherapy for primary and adjuvant management of aggressive fibromatosis.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Health Science Center, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0385, USA. zlotera@ufl.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To review a large single-institution experience in the management of aggressive fibromatosis to determine the effectiveness of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and identify the presentation and treatment variables predictive of locoregional control.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Between 1975 and 2000, 72 patients were treated with EBRT for a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of aggressive fibromatosis. Thirty patients were treated at the primary presentation and 42 at the time of a locoregional recurrence. Minimal 2-year follow-up data were available for 65 patients (median 6 years). Megavoltage irradiation with 60Co to 20 MV photons or electron therapy was used for all patients. Most patients were treated after attempted complete surgical resection; 16 patients underwent pretreatment biopsy alone. The prescribed treatment was standard (1.8 Gy) daily fractions in 42 cases and 1.2 Gy fractions b.i.d. in 23 cases. The median prescribed dose was 54 Gy. The prognostic variables and treatment results were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier actuarial analysis.

RESULTS:

Locoregional control was achieved in 52 of 65 patients. The 5-year actuarial locoregional control was 83%. Locoregional failure occurred in 13 patients (11 in patients with recurrent tumors). Only two failures occurred within the irradiation fields; nine failures occurred at the field margins. Eleven patients were salvaged by surgery: wide excision in nine and amputation in two. The only prognostic factor significant for locoregional control was primary vs. recurrent presentation (p = 0.0193). The 5-year locoregional control rates for irradiation at initial presentation and at recurrence were 96% and 75%, respectively. The variables without significance for locoregional control included primary tumor location, surgical procedures performed, resection margins, and gross vs. microscopic residual tumor at irradiation. Lymphedema was the most common late effect, occurring in 7 patients, 5 with prior treatment. Bone fracture occurred in 3 patients; all 3 had fibromatosis involving the bone at presentation but without recurrence at the time of fracture.

CONCLUSION:

EBRT is effective treatment for aggressive fibromatosis. The probability of locoregional control decreases with multiple prior recurrences.

PMID:
12182989
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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