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Cytokine. 2002 Jul 21;19(2):94-101.

Crouzon's syndrome: differential in vitro secretion of bFGF, TGFbeta I isoforms and extracellular matrix macromolecules in patients with FGFR2 gene mutation.

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1
Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Scienze Biochimiche, Università di Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

In the Crouzon's syndrome the cranial morphogenic processes are altered due to the early fusion of cranial sutures. We analysed the phenotype of cultured fibroblasts from normal subjects and from Crouzon patients with a specific fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 mutation resulting in a Cys 342 Tyr substitution within the third immunoglobulin domain. Crouzon fibroblasts differed from normal fibroblasts in their extracellular matrix macromolecule accumulation. In Crouzon fibroblasts glycosaminoglycans and fibronectin were decreased and type I collagen increased. As transforming growth factors beta (TGF beta) and basic fibroblasts growth factor (bFGF) together regulate extracellular matrix deposition, we evaluated TGF beta(1), TGF beta(3) and bFGF production by Crouzon and normal fibroblasts. TGF beta(1), TGFb(3) and bFGF levels were lower while TGF beta(1) mRNA transcripts were higher in Crouzon cells. As the increased TGF beta(1) gene expression did not translate into a parallel increase of secreted TGF beta(1), control of TGF beta(1) secretion may be mainly post-transcriptional. Furthermore, adding bFGF increased TGF beta(1) and TGF beta(3) secretion, suggesting the drop may be due to the altered signal transduction of bFGF. These innovative data suggest the in vitro differences between normal and Crouzon fibroblasts may be due to an imbalance in TGF beta and bFGF levels which alters the microenvironment where morphogenesis takes place.

PMID:
12182844
DOI:
10.1006/cyto.2002.0877
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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