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Cytokine. 2002 Jul 21;19(2):59-65.

Local levels of interleukin-1beta, -4, -6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha in an experimental model of murine osteomyelitis due to staphylococcus aureus.

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Department of Dentistry, Hyogo Prefectural Staff Health Center, Kobe, 650-8567, Japan.


The purpose of this study is to evaluate local levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), -4 (IL-4), -6 (IL-6), and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), in a model of murine osteomyelitis due to Staphylococcus aureus. Cytokine levels in supernatants derived from bone homogenates were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, for 28 days following the direct implantation of murine tibiae with S.aureus. Levels of IL-1 beta and IL-6 in infected bone were elevated in the early post-infection period and then decreased. In contrast, TNF-alpha levels remained elevated 3 to 28 days post-infection, while IL-4 levels were elevated late in the course of infection. The histopathology of infected bone showed predominant infiltration of inflammatory cells and bone resorption 3 to 7 days after infection, and bone resorption and adjacent areas of formation 14 to 28 days after infection. These results suggest that the elevated IL-1 beta and IL-6 levels induced by infection may be related to bone damage mainly in the early phase of infection, and that TNF-alpha and IL-4 may at least in part be associated with histopathological changes, including both bone resorption and formation in the later phase of this osteomyelitis model.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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